10 FLIGHT SAFETY
All members must make safety their foremost consideration when planning and executing flights. Any member who knowingly violates the procedures outlined in the Club Operations Manual or the Federal Aviation Regulations will be grounded and/or have his or her membership terminated at the discretion of the Board as specified in §12.3.6.
10.2 Accidents, Incidents, Occurrences
10.2.1 In the event of any accident, incident, or occurrence:
Any member acting as PIC of a Club aircraft involved in an accident, incident or occurrence, regardless of severity, must notify a member of the Board as soon as practicable following the event. The member is advised to do so even if, in the opinion of the member, investigation of the occurrence may not result in any further action against the member and/or the aircraft is deemed airworthy. Additionally, following an accident or incident, the PIC will notify the National Transportation Safety Board as required by 49 CFR 830.
10.2.2 Member Liability
Each member is responsible for any costs resulting from an accident or incident that occurs while he or she has the aircraft that are not paid by the insurance company. This includes costs associated with returning the aircraft to its home base. The Club carries one million dollars ($1,000,000) single limit liability damage and one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) per person liability. Medical payments are covered to a level of five thousand dollars ($5,000) per person and thirty thousand dollars ($30,000) per occurrence. The deductible is set at two hundred fifty dollars ($250) when not-in-motion and one thousand dollars ($1000) when in-motion. Our policy includes a provision that the aircraft be operated legally and within the Federal Aviation Regulations for the policy to be valid. If the aircraft is operated illegally or outside of the FARs, our insurance could be invalidated and the responsible member will become FULLY liable for ALL damage.
10.2.3 Flying Privileges Following an Accident
Any member acting as Pilot-In-Command of a Club aircraft that is involved in an accident/incident that results in damage to the plane or injuries to any person is automatically grounded. The member’s flying privileges will be reinstated when he or she satisfactorily completes a checkout with an instructor designated by the Board.
10.3 FAA Regulations
Each member must obey all Federal Aviation Regulations, or FARs. The Federal Aviation Regulations are part of Title 14 – Aeronautics and Space of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
10.4 Pilot Skill
In the interest of safety, each pilot should fly much more than the minimum currency requirement outlined in 14 CFR 61.56 and part 61.57.
10.5 Flight with Equipment Deficiencies
The PIC, as defined in 14 CFR 91.3, is responsible for determining if the aircraft is in an airworthy condition for safe flight as defined in part 91.7. The regulations also specify the instrument and equipment requirements for every flight in part 91.205 and part 91.213. Additionally, part 129-131 outlines requirements for communication and transponder with altitude encoding equipment when operating within Class B, C, or D airspace.
During primary training, each pilot should have developed good judgment about determining when an aircraft is safe for flight. DO NOT FLY any aircraft if you are uncertain about its airworthiness, uncomfortable with its condition and/or the outcome of the flight is in anyway questionable or contrary to safety.
Refer to §8.2 Discrepancy Reports for additional information.
10.5.1 Maintenance Questions
Contact the maintenance officer if you are uncertain about maintenance, compliance with Airworthiness Directives, or compliance with required inspections.
10.5.2 Federal Regulation Questions
Contact a Board-approved CFI if you have questions regarding the FARs, or determining the airworthiness of an aircraft.
10.6 Filing Flight Plans
The use of flight plans and en route flight following is strongly encouraged.
10.7 Weight & Balance
Weight and balance must be calculated rather than estimated. Several of our aircraft can be loaded significantly over gross and out of CG (Center of Gravity) when filled with full fuel, full passengers, and little or no bags! Weight and balance examples for Club aircraft are provided within Appendix C.
10.8 Fuel Stops
Fuel stops and expected fuel burn should be planned before takeoff. Fuel exhaustion accidents have highlighted the fact that correctly leaning the mixture in cruise flight is an important part of in-flight fuel management. Planned fuel consumption rates, and thus range, will not be achieved if the mixture is not correctly leaned as recommended in §9.5.
Each pilot must use a written checklist when operating Club aircraft. The manufacturer's checklist is located in each aircraft. If a member desires, he or she may use his or her own checklist instead of the manufacturer's checklist.
10.10 Pilot Information Manual (PIM)
Each member is required to obtain a PIM for each make and model Club aircraft he or she flies.
10.11 Mountain Flying and Density Altitude
Mountain flying presents challenges and risks not present when flying over flatlands. High-density altitude seriously degrades aircraft performance. In addition to calculating takeoff and landing distances, it is important to calculate climb performance after takeoff. Members not familiar with the challenges and risks associated with mountain flying and density altitude are recommended to seek mountain flight training from a qualified instructor.